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  • Prehistory and pre-Roman peoples

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    ... The two main historical peoples of the peninsula were the Iberians and the Celts. The Iberians inhabited the Mediterranean side from the norheast to the southeast. The Celts inhabited the Atlantic side, in the north, center (Celtiberian), northwest and suthwest part of the peninsula. Basque occupied the western area of the Pyrenees mountain range and adjaacent areas. In the south of the peninsula appeared the semi-mythical city of Tartessos (c.1100 BC), whose flourishing trade in items made of gold and silver with the Phoenicians and Greeks is documented by Straboa and the Book of Solomon. Between about 500 BC and 300 BC, the seafaring Phoenicians and Greeks foundedtrading colonies ... ... [leer más]